Dr Laura Mraz and Attention


The ability to attend allows child to engage in tasks long enough to develop skills necessary for functional participation in daily activities.

Dr Laura Mraz and Bilateral Coordination

Bilateral Coordination

Using two or more body parts together (i.e. both hands) to manipulate, hold, and/or stabilize task objects without fumbling task objects or letting them slip from one’s grasp (AOTA, 2014, p. S25).

Dr Laura Mraz and Body Awareness

Body Awareness

Body awareness allows child to navigate safely through their environment.

Dr Laura Mraz and Callibration


Using movements of appropriate force, speed, or extent when interacting with task objects(AOTA, 2014, p. S25).

Dr Laura Mraz and hand strength

Hand Strength

The muscle strength of the hands and fingers can be classified into two categories: grip strength (whole hand) and pinch strength (the thumb and fingers).  

Dr Laura Mraz and Ideation


Children who have difficulty with ideation may have difficulty with creating motor plans or navigating their environment with purpose, therefore may wander around aimlessly (Case-Smith & O’Brien, 2015, p. 272).

Dr Laura Mraz and in hand manipulation

In-Hand Manipulation

Using dexterous/skilled finger movements, without evidence of fumbling, when
manipulating/handling task objects (AOTA, 2014, p. S25).

Dr Laura Mraz and Proximal Stability

Proximal Stability

Having proximal stability, such as adequate core or shoulder strength, provides the body parts further away from the core with better mobility and stability.

Dr Laura Mraz and self regulation


Self-regulation allows children to attend to tasks, build and sustain relationships, and resist impulses.